Caricatures represent two faces of fracking

This weekend, environmental science major Shannon Wade, ’13, will discuss her senior project, a spectacle theatre performance meant to facilitate discussion about hydraulic fracturing, at the Dimensions of Political Ecology conference at the University of Kentucky at Lexington. Also attending the conference are Brian Anderson, ’13, Maxwell Lindquist, ’13, and environmental science professors Elizabeth Olson and Shaunna Barnhart.

Wade’s project is entitled “To Frack or Not to Frack: Performance as a Tool for Environmental Activism at Allegheny College.” She said her adviser, environmental science professor Eric Pallant, encouraged her to incorporate her passion for theatre, her minor, into her senior comprehensive project.

In Wade’s performance, two students wearing large paper mache headpieces represent opposing corporate and nature forces. These students pull on either arm of another student, usually played by Cale Davis, ’13, who dons an Allegheny T-shirt and represents the college.

Other students hold signs representing various positive and negative aspects of hydrofracking. Clean water and decreased use of fossil fuels are arguments on anti-fracking side, while decreased dependence on coal and on foreign oil are arguments on the pro-fracking side.

As students enter holding their props – a big check made out to Allegheny College, a “no fossil fuels” sign – music plays according to the different themes. “Wade in the Water” plays when the clean water sign is carried out.
Wade said devising the project was a combined group effort. Members were inspired by Bread and Puppet, a political theater company in Vermont that tours the country with its life-size puppets. Performer Annie Krol, ’13, previously worked with a similar company, the Possibilitarian Puppet Theatre Company in Cleveland.

Along with Krol and Davis, performers were Elizabeth Stiles, ’13, Abby Beerman, ’13, Zach Cramer, ’15, Kim Garrett, ’15, Anton Kotelyanskii, ’13, Emily Cherry, ’13, Heather Fish, ’15, Elena Juodisius, ’13 and Gretchen Beany, ’14. Wade described the casting as fluid, with students playing various parts in different performances.

“Theatre can bring things to light in a really vibrant and visual way,” Wade said. “We wanted the nature figure and the corporate figure to be larger than life, so that the characters are […] being controlled by them, these big ideas.”

Originally the group thought of building life-size puppets, but a lack of time and material made the idea unfeasible. Instead, the idea of life-size puppets inspired the large masks. The nature character’s mask was borrowed from communication arts professor Beth Watkins, who used it in a play about five years ago. Wade made the corporate character’s mask.

“It can be applicable to a wide range of social justice, environmental, political issues…it’s kind of bringing information to life,” Wade said of spectacle theatre. “That’s what intrigues me the most about it.”

Wade recruited students to act in two different versions of the performance. One flash mob version was performed at lunchtime in the campus center, and another version was performed on a busy night in the library and for an introductory environmental science course.

In the first version, both levels of the campus center were utilized so that characters on the main level appeared to be controlled by puppeteers on the second floor.

“They were literally being puppeted around,” Wade said of her actors.

She said the performance was not intended to promote one stance on fracking over another.

“I tried to reach out to people who had a wide range of opinions, so that they could bring that with them to the creation of this [performance],” Wade said.

She said she consistently heard positive feedback about the performance’s neutral position on fracking.

“I think there’s a lot to be said for having meaningful conversation between people, even if you don’t agree…then you’re actively learning,” Wade said. “A lot of us may be leaning one way but we really feel both sides have valid points.”

Overall, the performance was designed to encourage discussion about a current, highly topical issue, both locally and nationwide.

“I wanted to spark conversation among people who weren’t knowledgeable about the issue, or didn’t know about it, or didn’t really want to know about it,” Wade said.

Although she originally considered expressing her personal opinion on fracking through the performance, Wade decided to keep her stance neutral, leaving the decision entirely up to the audience.

“The more I considered…the more I realized that it’s a lot of contentious issues. It’s very much a balancing act,” Wade said.


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Fracking 1: From left to right, Elizabeth Stiles, ‘13, Kim Garrett, ‘15, Annie Krol, ‘13, Anton Kotelyanskii, ’13 and Abby Beerman, ‘13, reenact the basic setup of senior student Shannon Wade’s theatrical depiction of arguments for and against hydraulic fracturing at Allegheny’s Bousson Environmental Research Reserve. Stiles and Garrett represent environmentalist arguments against fracking, while Kotelyanskii and Beerman represent economic arguments for fracking. Krol represents Allegheny College being split between the two sides. Photos by Molly Duerig
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Fracking 2: Kim Garrett, ’15, left, personified nature in Wade’s performances about hydrofracking. Anton Kotelyanskii, ’13, right, represented corporate forces.